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History of Egypt

Egypt History
Region: Egypt
Created: Nov 16, 2009, modified: Jan 13, 2012, overall rating: 0.000

INTRODUCTION

THE ORIGINS

Egyptians history may have started in the Paleolithic era even thoughthat part of its history must consist en­tirely of hypotheses andsuppositions. At that period the valley of the Nile was very different from whatit is today. The river must have covered almost the whole region and this fact,together with a climate which was undoubtedly much more humid, would haveresulted in unlimited expanses of marshland stretching right up to the Delta.The climate started to change at the end of the Paleolithic period and thiscaused the Nile to change its course to that which it follows today.

The slowbut progressive change of the neighboring areas into desert led to human lifebeing concentrated along the fertile banks of the river. In the Neolithic periodwhose beginning can be taken to be about 10,000 B.C., there were already twodistinct ethnic groups originat­ing from two very different regions. A groupof Afri­can race from central Africa and a second group of Mediterraneanrace which had its origins in the heart of Asia. To these two must be added athird group, be­lieved to come from the legendary Atlantis, which must havearrived in the Nile valley via Libya. Two centers of civilization developed, onein the north of the country concentrated in the Delta where it created the firsturban centre Merimda, the other in the south around Tasa.

Thus the Egyptian population was divided into two even at this remoteperiod and not withstanding the subsequent unification of the country this hasleft its mark in the division into « hesep » or provinces which the Greekscalled « nomi », Upper Egypt having 22 and Lower Egypt 20. This was the dawn ofEgyptian civilization, the period which the Egyptians themselves called the «time of God » when Osiris sat on the throne of Egypt. This terrestrial reign isdescribed in documents known as The Pyramid Texts. Osiris, ac­cordingto legend, united the two parts of the popula­tion but the unity did notlast long. It is only from about 3200 B.C. that one can start to talk aboutEgyp­tian history in any serioussense

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Documents

THE MIDDLE KINGDOM
THE MIDDLE KINGDOM The Middle Kingdom started about 2060 B.C. with the end of the Xlth dynasty. The Pharaoh Montu-Hotep I re-established ...
Memphis
Memphis, old Egypt
Memphis is the ancient capital of the 1st «nome» or province of Lower Egypt, Mennof-Ra, which the Greeks called Memphis ...
Dahshur
Dahshur, Egypt
About two kilometers from the Sakkarah necropolis can be found the five pyramids of Dahshur, three built of stone and ...
Abydos
Abidos
Abydos was the name which the Greeks gave to the ancient city of Thinis, cradle of the oldest dynasties and ...
THE SOCIETY OF ANCIENT EGYPT
THE SOCIETY OF ANCIENT EGYPT
Egypt was always an absolute monarchy, the king or Pharaoh was believed to be a god living on earth who ...
Medinet Habu
Medinet Habu For a long time Medinet Habu, was nothing more than a very rich quarry from which large squared blocks of ...
Mejdum
Mejdum, Pyramisa, Egypt
Yet another work of the indefatigable Snefru, the father of Cheops, is the pyramid at Mejdum, near the Nile at ...
The Ramesseum
The Ramesseum, Egypt
The Ramesseum is the name which was given in the last century to the temple complex built by Ramses II ...
Dendera
Dendera, Chathor
Dendera, the Greek name of the city of Tentirys, is a city made holy by the presence of three different ...
HIEROGLYPHIC WRITING
HIEROGLYPHIC WRITING
Right from the beginning the deciphering of the mys­terious Egyptian writing fascinated everybody. In 1799 a certain Captain Bouchard ...
EGYPTIAN RELIGION
EGYPTIAN RELIGION
The almost infinite varieties of representation of the numerous divinities which have been found in ancient Egyptian monuments have led ...
THE NEW KINGDOM
THE NEW KINGDOM
The New Kingdom, which dates from about 1580 B.C., signaled the triumph of Egyptians arms over the whole of ...
FUNERAL PRACTICES AND MUMMIFICATION
MUMMIFICATION
The art of embalming bodies and transforming them in­to mummies was believed to be of divine origin and to ...
THE NILE
The Nile, Egypt
The Nile winds its way 6,500 kilometers from its ori­gins in the Great African lakes to the Mediterranean ...
Unity between Upper and Lower Egypt
Unity between Upper an The history starts with Narmer whom some scholars feel should be identified with the mythical king Menes who unified the ...
Egyptian Revolution of 1919
Egyptian Revolution of 1919
Inthe wake of World War I, the Egyptian Delegation party, known as theWafd ,was formed and headed by Saad Zaghlul ...
THE OLD KINGDOM
The old Kingdom
The Old Kingdom which had its beginnings round about 2700 B.C. is considered by many scholars to be the ...

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